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让美国人吵翻了的边境墙账单到底包括哪些费用

作者:joker 发布时间:2019-02-15 18:57

白宫当地时间14日证实,美国总统特朗普将签署预算案防止政府再次关门,同时也将宣布国家进入紧急状态,以绕过国会取得美墨边界建墙经费。
这份长达1159页的预算案已于当地时间周三深夜公布。
那么这堵让美国民众及各党派吵翻甚至导致联邦政府停摆35天的边境墙到底包括哪些花费呢?CBSnews将其中的主要项目一一列举了出来,一起来看一看。

$1.375 billion for 55 miles of bollard fencing along the southern border and Rio Grande Valley of Texas;

13.75亿美元(约合人民币93.15亿元)用于沿南部边界和德克萨斯州的里奥格兰德河谷修建55英里长的围栏;

这一金额与特朗普一再要求的57亿美元相去甚远。

2

Funding for 40,520 ICE detention beds by the end of the fiscal year, a reduction from the current 49,060;

到本财年结束时,为移民海关执法局提供40,520张拘留床的资金,比目前的49,060张有所减少;

3

$415 million for enhanced medical support, transportation, food and clothing for migrants who are in detention centers;

4.15亿美元用于改善拘留中心移民的医疗、交通和衣食条件;

4

$900 million for enhanced inspections at ports of entry, new technology, opioid detection and customs officers;

9亿美元,用于加强对入境口岸的检查、新技术使用、类阿片检测以及海关官员待遇的提升;

5

Funding for a new Coast Guard Polar Security Cutter;

为新的海岸警卫队极地安全防卫艇提供资金;

6

A 1.9 percent pay raise for federal civilian workers (overriding President Trump's order to deny them a pay raise);

联邦文职人员加薪1.9%(推翻了特朗普总统拒绝给他们加薪的命令)。

7

$100 million for border security technology between the ports on U.S. southern and northern borders, such as mobile surveillance capability and innovative towers (surveillance towers that are able to differentiate between people and vehicles and whether they're carrying weapons or drugs);

1亿美元用于美国南部和北部边境港口之间的边境安全技术,如移动监视能力和富有创新性的监测塔(能够区分人员和车辆以及它们是否携带武器或毒品);

8

$564 million for non-intrusive inspection equipment at land ports of entry to scan vehicles entering the U.S. for narcotics and other contraband;

5.64亿美元用于在陆路入境口岸安装非侵入性检查设备,检查进入美国的车辆是否有毒品或其他违禁品;

9

$563.4 million to hire new immigration judges to reduce the backlog of cases;

5.634亿美元用于聘用新的移民法官,以减少积压案件;

10

$527.6 million to support the U.S. Strategy for Engagement in Central America, a program focused on addressing the causes of migration of undocumented Central Americans to the U.S.;

5.276亿美元用于支持美国的中美洲战略,该项目主要是为了解决中美洲人非法移民美国的问题;

11

$191 million for new infrastructure at the Calexico land port of entry;

1.91亿美元用于加利西哥入境口岸的新基建设施;

12

$112.6 million for aircraft and sensor systems, including $86 million for 3 additional multi-role enforcement aircraft;

1.126亿美元用于飞机和传感器系统,其中8600万美元用于新增3架多功能执法飞机;

13

$14.5 million for integrated coastal interceptor vessels for patrolling U.S. maritime borders;

1450万美元用于在美国海上边界巡逻的沿海拦截船只;

14

$76.9 million for countering opioids with detection equipment and staffing at international mail facilities.

7690万美元用于在国际邮递设施使用检测设备、增加人员来应对类阿片问题。

文中同时还列举出一部分未包含的费用:

1

Back pay for federal contractors affected by the shutdown;

受停工影响而拖欠的联邦承包商的款项;

2

An extension of the Violence Against Women Act (though it does include nearly $500 million in grant money for VAWA programs);

延期“防止对妇女施暴法案”(其中包括为该法案提供近5亿美元的补助基金);

3

No increase in total fencing money compared to fiscal year 2018 (the appropriation is $1.375 billion);

与2018财年相比,修墙资金总额没有增加(拨款为13.75亿美元);

4

Funding can't be used for any concrete wall or other Trump wall prototypes. Only "existing technologies" for fencing or barriers can be used.

资金不能用于任何混凝土墙或其他特朗普所提的原型墙。只能使用“现有技术”的栅栏或有形障碍。

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